What Are Cannabinoids? A Formal Introduction

What Are Cannabinoids? A Formal Introduction

The plants that fill the natural world are nothing short of spectacular. Much like the animal kingdom, the plant kingdom is made up of a diverse array of genera and species. Perhaps not so surprisingly, many plants offer some sort of support or value for the human body, whether that support or value is nourishing or therapeutic in nature. The cannabis family of plants happens to be part of the latter.

On the surface level, the cannabis plant is already quite impressive. With palmate-arranged serrated leaves, clusters of densely packed flowers that form “bud,” colorful pistils or “hairs,” and resinous trichomes, cannabis plants are easy to spot among others. But beyond the outward appearance, cannabis is just as intriguing when it comes to chemical and genetic makeup.

With cannabis or hemp-derived CBD and THC having such a noteworthy societal presence, the word cannabinoid shows up everywhere. So, what are cannabinoids, and why does it matter? We’ve pulled together the details about cannabinoids, a bit about their diversity, and more to give you insight, and possibly a new appreciation for a notorious plant.

A Microscopic Look at Cannabis

For years, scientists have been fascinated with examining cannabis on a deeper level. The plant is made up of more than 480 unique compounds, and only about 66 of those compounds are cannabinoids in most strains. In total, however, scientists have identified at least 113 cannabinoids that can be found across many cannabis strains.

Scientifically speaking, cannabinoids are chemical compounds, each with its own specific molecular makeup. Cannabinoids are thought to be pharmacologically active for a specific purpose to the plant. For example, a cannabinoid may help deter insects or protect a plant from damage due to exposure to stress in the environment.

Phytocannabinoids vs Endocannabinoids

Cannabis is rich in THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) is possibly the most well-known cannabinoid around, but CBD (cannabidiol) is no doubt making its mark as well. While cannabinoids like these pose value to the plant, they also offer value to use humans, but how? The answer is in the fact that these phytocannabinoids (plant-produced cannabinoids) are highly similar in nature to something we humans produce on our own, endocannabinoids.

The human body has its own complex system of cannabinoid receptors. This system, which may be responsible for everything from stabilizing hormone levels to encouraging serotonin production, is referred to as the endocannabinoid system (ECS). When phytocannabinoids are introduced to the ECS, each can have its own unique actions that seem to mimic those endocannabinoids the body makes on its own.

The Most Well-Known Cannabinoids: THC and CBD

As noted above, CBD and THC are two of the most well-recognized cannabinoids. While both hail from plants from the cannabis family, the two compounds couldn’t offer more differing actions. Much of this is related to how the cannabinoids act once they are in the ECS.

THC is noted for its affinity for specific cannabinoid receptors. The cannabinoid actually binds to this receptor pretty firmly, which is thought to play a role in the intoxicating effects of THC. On the contrary, CBD does not seem to bind to certain receptors in the ECS. Instead, CBD seems to act as some sort of stabilizer for the system, possibly even encouraging the body to produce its own endocannabinoids.

As straightforward as that all sounds, the situation is far more complicated than anyone really knows. Research is still in its earliest stages with these two cannabinoids, but a good indicator of how complex the cannabinoids may be in how they perform is the fact that CBD seems to neutralize the intoxicating effects of THC.

The Lesser-Known Cannabinoids Offer Their Own Potential

THC and CBD may be full-on stars in the cannabinoid world, but so many other smaller cannabinoids are proving to have their own potential as therapeutic agents. A few examples of other noteworthy cannabinoids include:

  • Cannabigerol (CBG)
  • Cannabichromene (CBC)
  • Cannabielsoin (CBE)
  • Cannabicyclol (CBL)
  • Cannabicitran (CBT)
  • Delta-8 Tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta-8 THC)

Many of these lesser-known cannabinoids are gaining traction in the scientific community because they are thought to offer certain actions for the ECS and the human body. For example, CBG is thought to offer eye pressure relief, which may be important for people who have glaucoma, even though more research needs to be established.

One of the interesting things about cannabinoids is their presence can vary depending on several factors. For one, the specific strain of cannabis can be a good indicator of what cannabinoids will be present in the mature plant. For example, a traditional OG Kush strain may have a high level of THC and a low amount of CBD. However, a Jack Herer hemp plant may have substantial CBD and only the slightest amount of THC.

Find Cannabinoid-Rich Cannabis at Core Gardens

The more the world grows accepting of cannabis, the more research is being done. While we may not know every last action or value of the cannabinoids offered by plants from the cannabis family, what we do know is enough to keep our interests piqued. Whether you use cannabis for therapeutic or recreational purposes, knowing your cannabinoids can help you pick the strain that offers the best experience. To find cannabinoid-rich cannabis flower and products, be sure to check out our products at Core Gardens.

How to Choose the Best Hash Strain for You

How to Choose the Best Hash Strain for You

In the ever-changing world of weed, cannabis concentrates have grown into a diverse niche filled with a fascinating array of products and experiences. Hash, which is created by processing only the trichomes of the plant, is just one concentrated form of cannabis that is now available in an abundance of strains and forms.

Any cannabis connoisseur will tell you that the strain can make all the difference to the end user’s experience, even when it comes to hash. How do you know which strain would suit your preferences? Here is a simple guide on how to choose the best hash strain.

First, a Brief Introduction to Hash Strains

When you make your way to a menu full of cannabis concentrates and scope out the hash any dispensary has to offer, there is a good chance certain varieties will be listed because they are so popular as hash. A few common examples of hash strains you can find more often than not include:

  • Pineapple Express
  • Presidential OG
  • Zkittlez
  • Cookies and Cream
  • Gorilla Glue

Researchers believe there may be as many as 700 unique strains of cannabis, each with its own genetic profiles, cannabinoid potencies, and terpene contents. Some cannabis strains actually offer a better experience when they are converted into hash.

Because hash (also referred to as hashish) is created from the resinous, THC-rich trichomes, you naturally need a strain known for heavy trichome production. Therefore, some strains are easier to process into hash simply because of the noteworthy plant characteristics.

How to Choose the Best Hash Strain

With a good understanding of what hash actually is, you can see a little why choosing the right strain is going to be important. Essentially, you will be getting a form of cannabis that is so concentrated that all the qualities of the plant will be magnified. To choose the best hash strain, several attributes of the strain the hash was made from and your own personal preferences should be considered. Let’s take a closer look.

What is the cannabinoid content of the strain?

A legally purchased hash will come packaged with a label that clearly states the cannabinoid content. You will immediately notice that some strains offer higher THC content, some strains may have a more balanced ratio of THC and CBD content, and you may even find strains that are higher in CBD and other therapeutic cannabinoids than THC. In fact, because CBD has grown in popularity as a therapeutic cannabis compound, you can now find strictly CBD hash created from hemp with minuscule levels of THC.

What are the primary terpenes in the strain?

Terpenes are more pronounced in hash than in traditional cannabis flower. This is because the resinous trichomes are where much of the plant’s aromatic terpenes are found. Therefore, if you pick up a strain like Pineapple Express in flower form and smoke it, you may only get hints of tropical flavor or aroma. On the other hand, with Pineapple Express hashish, you will experience a profound tropical flavor.

It is a good idea to get a good understanding of different strains and their primary terpenes when shopping for hash because those terpenes will be so pronounced. If there are certain flavors or aromatics you don’t necessarily enjoy in any certain strain, you’re better off opting for a different strain. For example, if you are not a big fan of eucalyptol, which has a minty coolness, you may want to stay away from Super Silver Haze or Bubba Kush hash.

What kind of experience do you prefer with your hash?

The cannabinoid content or potency level will have a direct effect on how using the hash will affect you. For example, a high-THC hash may yield more euphoric effects, while a balanced THC/CBD hash, may offer less of an intoxicating effect and more therapeutic value.

If you are strictly a recreational hash user and looking for the euphoria of a good buzz, a higher THC variety could serve you well. However, if you are using hash to help with arthritis pain or help you sleep, you may be better suited with a balanced THC/CBD hash or even a hemp-based CBD hash.

Find High-Quality Hash for the Best Possible Experience

Just as it is with any form of cannabis, the more educated you are about hash, the more equipped you are to pick the product that will serve you best. If you have yet to try hash and want to experience different strains, be sure to shop with a dispensary that gives you a nice selection.

At Core Gardens, we hand-pick cannabis flower and concentrates specifically for their rich cannabinoid and terpene profiles. Every item on our menu is sourced from the finest cannabis grown by reputable producers. Be sure to take a look at our menu, the cannabis products we offer, and reach out to us with questions.