Difference Between Hemp and Cannabis

What Is the Difference Between Hemp and Cannabis?

Hemp and cannabis or hemp and marijuana have commonly been perceived in the past as almost the same plants. Yet, while from the same family, the two plants are quite different in far more than one respect. 

Perhaps now more than ever, people recognize that there is a clear difference between what the world knows as cannabis and what the world knows as hemp. However, some lingering confusion about how the two truly differ still exists. Take a closer look at the difference between hemp and cannabis. 

A Closer Look at Cannabis

Cannabis gets called by a lot of names: marijuana, cannabis, pot, reefer, ganja, and the list goes on. Scientifically, however, cannabis is simply Cannabis Sativa. Cannabis is what people seek out for its euphoric effects, thanks primarily to its THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) content, but may also be used for medicinal purposes as well. 


The type of Cannabis Sativa referred to as cannabis or, more commonly, marijuana is an annual, flowering plant that can reach varying heights. Numerous strains of cannabis exist, each with its own historical genetics and unique genetic makeup, so the variations in appearance can truly be impressive. Cannabis produces dense clusters of flowers or buds near the stalk or at the center of its broad, palmate leaves that develop resinous trichomes that cover the outside of the plant. 

Cannabinoid Content 

The most noteworthy difference between hemp and cannabis is the fact that anything labeled as cannabis is more likely to have a high THC content. For legal purposes, any form of cannabis that contains more than 0.3 percent THC is actually referred to as marijuana or cannabis. Cannabis also contains other cannabinoids, including those like CBD (cannabidiol) and CBG (cannabigerol). However, most modern strains have the most profound levels of THC and minimal levels of other cannabinoids. 


THC can have varied effects depending on the individual, the potency, and the full cannabinoid and terpene profile. cannabis is intoxicating, although the specifics of the intoxicating experience can range from very mild to pretty intense. 


Cannabis is most often smoked, even though today’s modern extraction methods and relaxed laws have made it possible for people to enjoy cannabis in a litany of ways. For example, you can find cannabis-infused edibles, cannabis vapes, and even extracts and concentrates created from marijuana that is high in THC. 


As of 2021, Washington D.C. and 18 states have legalized adult-use marijuana, and 37 others have embraced medical marijuana. However, these programs have various governing rules depending on the state because cannabis has been a controlled substance for so many years. In states without medical or adult-use cannabis laws, simply possessing small amounts of cannabis can land you with fines or even jail time.    

A Closer Look at Hemp 

Hemp is also scientifically referred to as Cannabis Sativa, because both cannabis and hemp are part of the same Cannabaceae family and belong to the same species of plants. Nevertheless, hemp has some pretty noteworthy differences compared to cannabis. 


The appearance of a hemp plant can vary depending on the specific strain genetics. Nevertheless, most hemp plants do take on a different appearance than a cannabis plant. Hemp often grows taller with a thinner footprint and thicker, more woodsy stalk. Hemp also produces flowering buds, which can be smaller and less resinous than those found on high-THC cannabis plants. 

Cannabinoid Content 

Hemp is especially high in cannabidiol content and especially low in THC content. The plants themselves often contain only a fraction of a percentage of THC, but can be heavily concentrated with the CBD cannabinoid and other non-intoxicating cannabinoids.  


Hemp is thought to have more therapeutic effects when either smoked, consumed, or applied to the skin. CBD is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid but has been shown to offer a number of useful properties. For example, CBD may offer relaxing effects that help you sleep or a soothing analgesic effect. 


Even though today we know hemp as something valuable because of its CBD profile, the plant is valuable for many more reasons. Throughout history, the plant’s fibers have been used to create fabrics, structures, and even paper. The seeds offer a nutritious oil when pressed as well, so the plant can be a dietary staple in some regions. 


Thanks to the Farm Bill in 2018, hemp with less than 0.3 percent THC was deemed as fully legal nationwide. While some states have made their own caveats to the newly relaxed restrictions on hemp cultivation, almost everyone has access to hemp-based products no matter where they live. 

Cannabis vs Hemp: A Few Final Thoughts 

While cannabis and hemp come from the same plant family and do have a lot of similarities, the differences between the two are so profound that even laws dictate how each plant is used. Hemp seems to offer almost strictly therapeutic effects, and cannabis, while it does offer several therapeutic effects on its own, is more commonly sought after for its psychotropic properties. 

If you are looking to get to know some of the most well-recognized cannabis strains and CBD-infused products created from hemp extracts, be sure to take a look at our collection at Core Gardens. 

cannabis companion plants

Cannabis Companion Plants: Best Companion Plants for Quality Cannabis

The more cannabis laws are relaxed, the more people grow interested in growing their own cannabis at home. While cannabis is a hardy plant that doesn’t really require a great deal to reach maturity and produce buds as desired, certain steps you take during the growing process can make all the difference in the end quality. Companion planting with cannabis is one step growers can take to make sure their final harvested buds are as robust and cannabinoid-rich as possible.

What is companion planting?

Companion planting, simply defined, is a long-held practice of planting certain plants into the same dirt or in close proximity to one another. Research has shown that planting certain plants together can mean those plants become even more productive than usual. In the world of plants, most of them have these almost complementary attributes, such as their ability to repel pests when other plants may be pest prone or the ability to stabilize soil nutrients for a plant that needs a certain level of nutrients.

What is companion planting with cannabis?

Cannabis companion planting involves planting certain other plants in the same area as the cannabis plant to encourage the best outcomes from the final harvested plants. Just like other vegetables, cannabis has what could be called friendly and foe plants that make either good or bad combinations. Cannabis companion plants may offer a number of attributes that support the growth process, such as:

  • Regulate soil temperature
  • Improving the nutrients in the soil
  • Helping to suppress weeds
  • Retaining soil moisture
  • Protecting the soil from the sun
  • Attracting beneficial insects

Whatever plants are used as companions for your cannabis, be sure to do a bit of research to make sure they offer some benefit. And, be careful of plants that could be considered cannabis foes, such as those that zap the soil of nutrients or moisture the cannabis needs to thrive.

Good Cannabis Companion Plants to Consider

So, if you want to see your cannabis plants flourish and do well, you may have certain companion plants that can help. Take a look at just a few of the cannabis companion plants that have something to offer.

Stinging Nettle

Stinging nettle is often thought of as an invasive plant that doesn’t offer a lot of value. However, this particular plant is actually one of the most desirable cannabis companion plants. Stinging nettle is thought to enhance terpene production within the flowers of the cannabis plants, and it may also help with the production of oils and resins as well. The plant attracts beneficial insects and pollinators because of the small flower blooms the nettle produces. In addition, the wilted plants contain tons of nutrients that go back into the soil if they are allowed to decay in place, which can mean more nutrient-rich soil during the next planting season.

Clover, Beans, and Peas

Clover, beans, peas, and several other legume plants are great cannabis companion plants. Plants like these use surrounding bacteria to help to pull nitrogen from the air and inject it back into the soil. The bacteria used by the legumes exchange nitrogen with surrounding plants for the carbohydrates the legumes need. So, if your cannabis is planted near something like butterfly pea plants, your cannabis will automatically be getting more nitrogen.

Kale and Other Brassicas

Kale is a good plant to offer shade for the soil, which can help to retain moisture if you live in a specifically dry area. However, kale is also a good companion crop because it delivers beneficial enzymes into the soil. These enzymes may help to fight off certain pathogens that can lead to diseased cannabis plants. Not to mention, kale is a serious superfood all on its own with a number of health benefits. So the end harvest of your kale can be just as beneficial for you and your health as the cannabis grown alongside the green leafy vegetable.


Chickweed is a low-statured, flowering plant that is often used as a groundcover because of the way it spreads and grows densely to protect the soil from the sun. When left to flourish, the plant will create this nice mat of foliage on the ground, which can be especially important in areas that get a lot of sun. This very attribute is what makes chickweed desirable for planting alongside cannabis. However, chickweed may also add some nourishment to the soil.


Sunflowers are often grown in vegetable gardens as companion plants because their high stature can offer structural support for vining plants like cucumbers and gourds. However, sunflowers also bring along a host of other benefits that can be good for cannabis. For one, these tall flowers attract a lot of good, beneficial bugs to the area. Just the same, the plant can deter some pests that you do not want in your cannabis garden, such as aphids and whiteflies.

Growing Cannabis Can Be a Rewarding Experience

If you live in a state where it is legal to grow your own cannabis, growing your own can breed such a newfound appreciation for the plant. Getting to know the companion plants that can help with the process is an easy way to ensure the end buds you harvest are rich, flavorful, and healthy. To get more insight into cannabis, be sure to stay in tune with our blog here at Core Gardens and check out our high quality cannabis products.

what is limonene and how does it affect cannabis strains

What is Limonene and How Does It Affect Cannabis Strains?

Did you catch that zesty punch of citrus with your last toke? Sounds like you may have just experienced one of the most abundant terpenes found in cannabis: limonene. Limonene is found in a lot of cannabis strains, limonene dominant cannabis strains are not at all hard to find. What is limonene and why would you want this terpene in your cannabis? Let’s take a closer look.

What Is Limonene?

Limonene is a monoterpene, which is one of the more diverse types of terpenes found in the cannabis plant. Limonene is actually quite abundant in nature and not only found in cannabis. This one terpene can be found in just about any citrus fruit—the essential oils found in an orange peel are actually about 97 percent limonene.

Fragrantly, limonene offers this profound citrusy aroma, which can be pretty easy to point out in certain strains of cannabis. However, limonene is often easily overpowered by more prevalent terpenes, so you may not even recognize the terpene in some of the cannabis you consistently consume. Nevertheless, cannabis high in limonene is so easy to find that you would actually be hard-pressed to find strains that do not involve this terpene on some level.

A Closer Look at Terpenes Found in Cannabis

Cannabis is made up of so many amazing terpenes, each with its own noteworthy fragrance qualities and potential therapeutic effects. So far, researchers have found over 150 different and unique terpenes. In the plant, terpenes may play a number of roles, such as protecting the plant from insects or even attracting pollinators and helping the plant heal after damage.

Even though terpenes don’t directly interact with the endocannabinoid system in the human body, what they do seem to do is support the actions of the cannabinoids taken in alongside the terpenes. This tendency for various constituents of cannabis to work together for synergistic effects is often referred to as “the entourage effect.”

The Potential Effects of Limonene

Because of its abundance, limonene has undergone some relatively extensive research for potential therapeutic properties. Some of the most noteworthy properties of limonene include:

  • Antioxidant properties
  • Anti-stress properties
  • Anti-inflammatory properties

In addition, limonene has been examined for its ability to help prevent certain illnesses and diseases. The fragrance of limonene has even gotten its fair share of attention. Simply inhaling the zesty citrus aromatics may be enough to deter stress and anxiety or soothe your mood.

Limonene in Science

Scientists have used limonene in a range of speculative research efforts because of the natural properties of the terpene and its obvious potential value for humans. In animal studies, limonene reduced the production of nitric oxide, which is a major molecule used in inflammatory signaling. This mechanism of action indicates how limonene may help with certain inflammatory conditions, such as colitis or even problems with inflammation of the airways due to asthma or bronchial irritation.

Limonene also seems to reduce cellular damage by inhibiting free radicals in the body, which can cause oxidative stress and a host of other problems. So far, however, these actions have only been observed in test-tube studies that did not involve an actual human body.

In other animal studies, limonene has been shown to:

Many of these effects have long been associated with cannabinoids found in cannabis. Therefore, cannabis high in limonene may be a good option for people who are looking to target specific therapeutic issues.

As an adage, limonene is considered to be safe by the Food and Drug Administration, which is why this terpene and synthesized versions of this terpene are found in so many different products. Most people will experience few side effects with exposure to limonene, with the exception of a potential for skin irritation if the terpene is applied in high concentrations to the skin.

High Limonene Cannabis Strains

Luckily, because limonene is so abundant in the world of weed, you won’t have any trouble finding desirable strains with a good limonene profile. There are, of course, some strains that have a higher concentration of limonene than others, such as:

  • Wedding Cake
  • Strawberry Banana
  • Black Cherry Soda
  • Space Monkey
  • Cinex
  • Quantum Kush
  • Do-Si-Dos
  • Berry White

If you are on the search for a high limonene cannabis strain, watch for lab tests that confirm how much limonene can be found in the flower.

Ready to Try High Limonene Marijuana Strains?

At Core Gardens, we adore the fact that cannabis never gets boring because there are so many different strains to explore. We take pride in providing a variety of strains, including limonene marijuana strains bound to give you the full effect of the limonene terpene and high cannabinoid context. Take a look at our menu today, and don’t hesitate to ask us about terpenes and why they’re important.


beginners guide to medical cannabis

Beginners Guide to Medical Cannabis

For centuries, people have been using cannabis for so many different human ailments and problems, both physical and emotional. Now, thanks to the gradual shift of cannabis acceptance and legalization in different states, more people have access to cannabis as medicine. If you’re brand-new to the world of cannabis, you can feel a little intimidated because there is so much to learn—this fascinating, medicinal plant is so diverse in how it works and what to expect. Here is a brief guide to medical cannabis to get you started.

A Closer Look at the Constituents of the Cannabis Plant

Cannabis may look like any ordinary plant on the surface, but this botanic species is one of the most incredible plants when you take a closer look. Cannabis contains a wealth of constituents that protect it in the wilds of nature, which we know as terpenes. However, the true stars of the plant are cannabinoids like THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), CBD (cannabidiol), and CBG (cannabigerol).

The bulk of cannabinoids and terpenes are concentrated in the flowering buds of the cannabis plant. Resinous trichomes cover the densely packed flowering buds and are where the highest concentrations of both terpenes and cannabinoids are found.

How Cannabis Affects the Body

The human body actually has its own system that processes cannabinoids. This system is known as the endocannabinoid system (ECS). Even though there is still a lot the researchers don’t know about the ECS, they do know that this intricate system plays a role in a number of everyday functions, such as:

  • Reproduction
  • Memory
  • Appetite
  • Sleep
  • Mood

While the human body creates its own endocannabinoids that the ECS uses, the ECS responds in similar ways when plant-derived cannabinoids are introduced. Phytocannabinoids derived from cannabis interact with the ECS in your body to produce various different effects.

The ECS is composed of receptors that are found throughout organs, the nervous system, the skin, and the brain. When cannabinoids from hemp or cannabis interact with these receptors, different things take place. For example, THC may attach to certain receptors to induce euphoric effects and encourage sleep, while CBD doesn’t attach to receptors but helps to stabilize levels of endocannabinoids to support a state of homeostasis.

Terpenes, while not as profound or potent as cannabinoids, can also deliver their own effects on the body and mind. These aromatic compounds are also thought to support the actions of cannabis due to the entourage effect, or simply compounds working together and supporting one another in the body.

Ways to Use Cannabis for Medicinal Purposes

While most people still prefer to use cannabis in its most familiar form (as flower), cannabis can be used in all kinds of ways and a number of new products offer a variety. Cannabis can be inhaled through either smoking or vaporization with a vaporizer, but you can also find:

  • Edible products like gumdrops or cookies
  • Cannabis concentrates created with terpenes and cannabinoids and no plant matter
  • Topical lotions, creams, and salves that have been infused with cannabinoids like THC or CBD

In general, if you are looking to have a certain experience due to unique cannabinoid and terpene profiles, flower can be the better option. Most concentrate and other products rely sheerly on cannabinoid content and not necessarily the other supportive agents found in the plant to deliver effects.

Guide to Medical Cannabis FAQs

What strain of cannabis should you use?

It is interesting to experiment with different strains to determine which strain offers the effects you want. Every strain can have its own unique terpene and cannabinoid makeup, which means every plant has the ability to offer different therapeutic actions. Therefore, whether you use something like 9# Hammer or Space Monkey, you can see a different set of effects. For instance, Space Monkey tends to offer relaxation and helps with pain, while 9# Hammer is excellent for sleep and a good mood lift.

How do you dose cannabis?

Unlike other forms of medicine, cannabis does not come along with specific dosing guidelines. The plant is not FDA-approved and has not undergone extensive testing to determine exactly how much of any certain cannabinoid a person would need. Beyond that, how much cannabis you need can be highly individualized. Usually, newcomers should start with a low dose and work up from there to achieve the effects they want to see. For example, if you are taking cannabis for pain, start out with a few milligrams of THC, CBD, or both, and adjust from there.

Does cannabis interact with other medicines?

If you are already taking prescription medication, the general rule is to discuss using cannabis with your doctor. Cannabis is a plant, but cannabinoids can interact with other medicines, including things like anti-depressants, antihistamines, and blood thinners.

How can cannabis be used as medicine?

People use cannabis to target so many different ailments on their own because they find doing so helps with an everyday ailment they face. The plant is currently being studied for use for everything from eating disorders to cancer, but the most well-established ways to use cannabis include targeting chronic pain, muscle stiffness, nausea, and vomiting.

Discover the Therapeutic World of Cannabis

When you step into the world of cannabis, it’s important that you have access to well-tested, quality products. If you are looking for just that, be sure to take a look at our collection at Core Gardens.

how does CBD help with pain relief

How Does CBD Help with Pain Relief?

Cannabidiol (CBD) has quite rapidly stepped its way to the forefront in the world of cannabinoids, falling right in step alongside the ever-popular tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). The popularity of this cannabinoid is not without reason; so far, CBD has been found to boast a ton of therapeutic properties. While CBD pain relief may be an up-and-coming area of scientific research, the preliminary and anecdotal reports are definitely promising. Let’s take a closer look.

Why CBD Pain Relief Is a Viable Idea

CBD has been shown to have quite a few unique properties that make it a viable cannabinoid for targeting pain. Researchers have pointed out that cannabidiol has both anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. Plus, CBD seems to offer some muscle-relaxing properties and could potentially act as an analgesic. CBD also works as an anxiolytic, which may offer therapeutic potential for the psychological aspects of being in pain. This broad range of properties is especially noteworthy in the area of controlling pain that is otherwise hard to treat, such as neuropathic pain.

A Closer Look at How CBD Works in the Body

All cannabinoids, including CBD, interact with a system in the body referred to as the endocannabinoid system (ECS). This diverse system is the accumulation of a plethora of cannabinoid receptors and enzymes that naturally interact with those receptors. The ECS is thought to play an important role in a number of bodily processes, including mood, sleep, and even the perception of pain.

The human body produces its own endocannabinoids that interact with and affect the ECS, but cannabinoids found in cannabis are almost identical in form and function. Therefore, when you consume cannabinoids, those plant compounds target the ECS system and the receptors found throughout to provide therapeutic actions. CBD, unlike some cannabinoids that attach to the receptors in the ECS, almost acts as a stabilizing agent to help the ECS achieve a state of balance.

Current Studies On CBD Pain Relief

CBD is just getting started when it comes to scientific research. The laws associated with cannabis and cannabinoids really held back a lot of important research that should have already been done. Nevertheless, the preliminary studies that have been performed have shown some promising results, specifically where CBD pain relief is concerned.

CBD for Chronic Pain

In 2018, researchers took the initiative to review information available on CBD for chronic pain. The review examined the results and findings from several published studies on CBD for different types of long-term pain. The conclusion was that CBD holds promise as an agent to target pain among those with long-term conditions.

CBD for Arthritic Pain

Animal studies have shown that CBD may help with arthritic pain when applied topically, especially with ongoing topical CBD use at higher doses. The anti-inflammatory effects of CBD may be responsible for these actions, even though more formal research on humans is necessary to make any definitive claims.

CBD for Neuropathic Pain

Neuropathic pain has always been especially hard to treat because the pain seems to have more to do with the body’s nervous system than an injury or precise problem. A few studies have examined CBD for its potential to treat these harder-to-treat types of pain. Research published by the Journal of Experimental Medicine has shown that CBD may target this type of pain effectively, and it does so without causing major psychoactive effects.

CBD for Migraine Pain

Migraine pain is another type of pain that is hard to treat, but some early research indicates there may be therapeutic potential found in CBD for migraines. In a study published in 2017, CBD doses over 200mg reduced acute migraine pain by 55 percent. It should be noted, however, that the study participants were given a combination CBD that also contained trace amounts of THC.

How to Experience CBD Pain Relief with the Best Products

Without question, if you want to try CBD for pain, you do want to opt for the best possible CBD products. Several options are available beyond the usual CBD oil, which is the most popular method of consumption. CBD is also available in ingestible forms, such as Core Gardens CBD Capsules.

Some people prefer more targeted CBD pain relief by using an infused topical product that can be applied straight to the source. For example, Core Gardens Relief Balm can be applied directly to sore muscles or areas with neuropathy. From lotions and salves to creams and massage oils, you can find a ton of topical products that are made with therapeutic CBD.

Ready to Try CBD for Pain?

As time goes on, we are bound to gain much more knowledge about all the ways cannabis could help with pain, including how CBD pain relief works. If you are looking for high-quality CBD products to try for pain relief, be sure to take a look at our shop at Core Gardens. Our CBD products are lab-tested and curated with broad-spectrum CBD for the most enhanced experience.


what are cannabis flavonoids

What are Cannabis Flavonoids?

Cannabis may be recognized for its euphoric and therapeutic properties because of cannabinoids, but other compounds found in cannabis may contribute to the overall experience. You may know that terpenes have a role to play in the overall cannabis-consuming experience, but cannabis flavonoids are also involved.

So, what are cannabis flavonoids? Cannabis flavonoids are natural substances found in cannabis, and every strain can offer a unique collection of flavonoids. For example, if you have enjoyed Candyland Kush, you may have experienced a different set of flavonoids than if you were to enjoy 9# Hammer. At least 20 flavonoids are found in Cannabis Sativa plants. Let’s dig deep into the world of cannabis flavonoids, where they are found, and why this is one cannabis-related component that is well worth getting to know.

Flavonoids Are Abundant in the Natural World

Cannabis flavonoids may be garnering a great deal of attention because cannabis is so obviously the plant that everyone is talking about. However, flavonoids are found in abundance throughout the natural world and in many foods you likely already consume on a regular basis. So far, scientists have pinpointed more than 6,000 flavonoids in everything from medicinal plants and herbs to fruits and vegetables. You can even find flavonoids in things like red wine, tea, and grains. Therefore, the average person does consume some level of flavonoids on a regular basis.

Flavonoids Found in Cannabis

As noted, more than 20 unique flavonoids have been isolated from plants that come from the cannabis family. Each of these flavonoids is thought to play specific, valuable roles for the plant. Some of the flavonoids found in cannabis include:

  • Quercetin
  • Myricetin
  • Kaempferol
  • Luteolin
  • Apigenin
  • Naringenin
  • Cannaflavin

Cannabis Flavonoids: A Look at Their Roles

In the natural world, flavonoids play critical roles in the health of the plant. These secondary plant metabolites have especially important biochemical properties that can protect the plant from various natural threats. In cannabis, flavonoids serve those same important roles. For example, one flavonoid may protect the growing cannabis plant from insects or UV rays. Another flavonoid may help the plant heal after exposure to free radicals or after an insect takes a chunk out of a plant’s stem. Some flavonoids are even thought to protect a plant from lack of water or freezing temperatures.

As far as discerning one flavonoid from another, you would be hard-pressed to make those discernments just with the naked eye if it weren’t for one important thing. Flavonoids can also be determinants of a plant’s color. For example, the bright purple you see in one cannabis bud or the deep orange found in another may be related to the flavonoids that the plant contains. Much like flavonoids are responsible for the red in red cabbage, the blue in blueberries, and the deep purple of an eggplant.

Flavonoids vs Terpenes

Much like terpenes, flavonoids can also play a role in determining the aromatics and flavor profiles of the cannabis plant, even though the two do have different molecular structures and values. Unlike terpenes, flavonoids have not been so thoroughly researched, and terpenes can be found in greater abundance in cannabis than flavonoids.

Potential Therapeutic Value of Cannabis Flavonoids

Those same valuable properties of flavonoids that plants rely on to thrive may offer profound therapeutic value to the human body. Even though the research is considered to be in its infantry stages, flavonoids have already shown to be especially valuable for a range of reasons. These cannabis compounds offer an extensive list of important properties, such as:

  • Anti-oxidative
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Anti-mutagenic
  • Anti-carcinogenic

Due to these valuable properties, flavonoids are considered to be both nutraceutical and medicinal in nature. Not only do flavonoids modulate some of the most important cellular functions in the human body, but they can also inhibit enzymatic activity that could cause the human body harm.

A few good examples of how cannabis flavonoids may be beneficial for the body come from medical journals with published studies on the flavonoids themselves, regardless of the plants those structures were pulled from.

  • Quercetin is thought to reduce inflammation in the body, reduce strain on the heart, and even prevent infections
  • Luteolin is thought to deter problems with brain fog and even help protect neural activity, which may be beneficial for age-related memory loss
  • Apigenin is believed to help with sleep and to encourage muscle relaxation, while also offering cognition enhancement

Some flavonoids are undergoing critical research in clinical trials to determine their efficacy for certain hard-to-treat human ailments and diseases.

Cannabis Flavonoids: We’re Just Getting Started

For many years, cannabinoids and terpenes found in cannabis have garnered the most attention from researchers. However, cannabis flavonoids are rapidly gaining interest from scientific communities, and for good reason. Researchers are continually working to uncover fascinating new information about these components of cannabis plants.

If you want to experience the best flavonoids from your cannabis, always opt for a well-sourced, responsibly grown product. Flavonoids are not quite as resilient as other cannabis components like cannabinoids, which means their presence can be affected by specifically how a plant is cultivated. Therefore, finding high-quality cannabis is the key to also finding high-quality flavonoids. Take a look at our menu at Core Gardens, as we only procure the best of the best for our customers.

butterfly pea extract cbd

The Future of Cannabis: Butterfly Pea Extract & CBD

The flashy, jewel-toned color from this plant is gracing everything from cocktails and teas to Insta-worthy dishes, but what is butterfly pea extract? Even more important, is there any value of this plant beyond the ability to totally transform everyday beverages and foods? In fact, butterfly pea extract does have much more to offer beneath the mesmerizing deep blue of the flowers. This Asia-native plant may actually have special benefits when paired with the cannabinoids derived from cannabis like CBD (cannabidiol).

A Closer Look at Butterfly Pea Extract

Butterfly pea extract, which is sometimes shortened to BPE or called blue pea extract, is derived from the butterfly pea plant scientifically known as Clitoria ternatea. This plant grows wild in places like Thailand, where the dried blossoms are prized for medicinal property and for use as a natural dye.

While the butterfly pea is definitely gorgeous with its indigo blossoms, the true beauty of the plant lies within the enzymatic makeup. The blue pea blossoms contain both flavonoids and anthocyanins that could hold their own medicinal values for the human body. Plus, several studies have shown a number of therapeutic actions of BPE, depending on where from the plant the extract was taken.

The Potential Benefits of Butterfly Pea Extract Flavonoids

While as many as 70 different compounds found in butterfly pea have been examined by researchers, certain compounds are more prominent than others. Butterfly pea blossoms contain a number of unique anthocyanin-class flavonoids, some of which have been extensively examined for potential therapeutic action. These flavonoids are actually responsible for yielding the telltale color hues the blue pea is known for, but shifts in pH levels within the plant can actually produce other colors, such as mauve or purple. Let’s take a look at three of the most prominent flavonoids in butterfly pea extract.


Kaempferol is considered to be a powerful antioxidant, and it is actually found in several fruits and vegetables like strawberries and broccoli. Studies have suggested that kaempferol may be valuable for the treatment of chronic disease and can inhibit the growth of cancer cells while concurrently preserving the vitality of other healthy cells. In a thorough review of the flavonoid, researchers noted that kaempferol controls inflammation, which may help with cellular repair, and also seems to deter metastasis.


Quercetin is abundant in butterfly pea extract, and, much like kaempferol, this flavonoid acts as an antioxidant, which may help with a number of ailments. Some of the proposed benefits of quercetin include:

  • Reducing inflammation
  • Easing allergy symptoms
  • Lowering risks of certain brain-related disorders
  • Reducing blood pressure

Some studies have even suggested that quercetin may boost exercise performance and combat the signs of aging. As an adage, this flavonoid was also included in a clinical trial in 2020 to evaluate efficacy for certain aspects of COVID-19.


Myricetin is yet another noteworthy antioxidant found in blue pea extract and quite a few other natural fruits and vegetables. However, this flavonoid is also known to offer antimicrobial properties, anti-inflammatory properties, and may be specifically valuable because it affects the central nervous system and may protect against Parkinson’s disease. The antioxidant properties of myricetin have actually been noted to be more profound than vitamin E; it reduced free radicals twice as fast.

The Anthocyanin Enigma and Why It Matters

Anthocyanin flavonoids, as valuable as they have been shown to be in numerous studies, are also notoriously limited when introduced into the body alone. Much like CBD works better when introduced to the body alongside other cannabinoids due to the entourage effect, the flavonoids found in BPE have similar actions. The anthocyanin enigma is a phrase used to describe the fact that anthocyanin flavonoids rarely work alone but work substantially better with the support of other agents. Therefore, if you are merely taking myricetin or quercetin alone, for example, you may never reap the full potential of these agents.

Could Butterfly Pea Extract Maximize the Value of CBD or vice versa?

The possibility of BPE and CBD supporting the actions of one another are highly plausible, even though research into the idea is limited. Both CBD and the valuable flavonoids found in butterfly pea are known to work better when consumed with other plant elements. While we don’t fully know how flavonoids interact with the endocannabinoid system, we do know that cannabinoids seem to work better with flavonoids present in the cannabis plant and may play a role in the entourage effect. Due to the fact that BPE is rich in its own flavonoids, using BPE along with a CBD product could have complementary effects that go both ways.

Discover Butterfly Pea Extract and CBD for Yourself

While there is much yet to be discovered about the true value held within the butterfly pea plant, what we already know is quite exciting. At Core Gardens, we make use of butterfly pea extract, which is lab tested for flavonoid profile, by combining it with CBD. Our discoveries have made it possible for us to file a patent on this unique combination of butterfly pea extract and CBD. Our Relief Balm is the perfect example. Take a look at our collection of CBD products, dig into some of the other unique ingredients we incorporate, and let us know what you think about your CBD experience!

What Are Cannabinoids? A Formal Introduction

What Are Cannabinoids? A Formal Introduction

The plants that fill the natural world are nothing short of spectacular. Much like the animal kingdom, the plant kingdom is made up of a diverse array of genera and species. Perhaps not so surprisingly, many plants offer some sort of support or value for the human body, whether that support or value is nourishing or therapeutic in nature. The cannabis family of plants happens to be part of the latter.

On the surface level, the cannabis plant is already quite impressive. With palmate-arranged serrated leaves, clusters of densely packed flowers that form “bud,” colorful pistils or “hairs,” and resinous trichomes, cannabis plants are easy to spot among others. But beyond the outward appearance, cannabis is just as intriguing when it comes to chemical and genetic makeup.

With cannabis or hemp-derived CBD and THC having such a noteworthy societal presence, the word cannabinoid shows up everywhere. So, what are cannabinoids, and why does it matter? We’ve pulled together the details about cannabinoids, a bit about their diversity, and more to give you insight, and possibly a new appreciation for a notorious plant.

A Microscopic Look at Cannabis

For years, scientists have been fascinated with examining cannabis on a deeper level. The plant is made up of more than 480 unique compounds, and only about 66 of those compounds are cannabinoids in most strains. In total, however, scientists have identified at least 113 cannabinoids that can be found across many cannabis strains.

Scientifically speaking, cannabinoids are chemical compounds, each with its own specific molecular makeup. Cannabinoids are thought to be pharmacologically active for a specific purpose to the plant. For example, a cannabinoid may help deter insects or protect a plant from damage due to exposure to stress in the environment.

Phytocannabinoids vs Endocannabinoids

Cannabis is rich in THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) is possibly the most well-known cannabinoid around, but CBD (cannabidiol) is no doubt making its mark as well. While cannabinoids like these pose value to the plant, they also offer value to use humans, but how? The answer is in the fact that these phytocannabinoids (plant-produced cannabinoids) are highly similar in nature to something we humans produce on our own, endocannabinoids.

The human body has its own complex system of cannabinoid receptors. This system, which may be responsible for everything from stabilizing hormone levels to encouraging serotonin production, is referred to as the endocannabinoid system (ECS). When phytocannabinoids are introduced to the ECS, each can have its own unique actions that seem to mimic those endocannabinoids the body makes on its own.

The Most Well-Known Cannabinoids: THC and CBD

As noted above, CBD and THC are two of the most well-recognized cannabinoids. While both hail from plants from the cannabis family, the two compounds couldn’t offer more differing actions. Much of this is related to how the cannabinoids act once they are in the ECS.

THC is noted for its affinity for specific cannabinoid receptors. The cannabinoid actually binds to this receptor pretty firmly, which is thought to play a role in the intoxicating effects of THC. On the contrary, CBD does not seem to bind to certain receptors in the ECS. Instead, CBD seems to act as some sort of stabilizer for the system, possibly even encouraging the body to produce its own endocannabinoids.

As straightforward as that all sounds, the situation is far more complicated than anyone really knows. Research is still in its earliest stages with these two cannabinoids, but a good indicator of how complex the cannabinoids may be in how they perform is the fact that CBD seems to neutralize the intoxicating effects of THC.

The Lesser-Known Cannabinoids Offer Their Own Potential

THC and CBD may be full-on stars in the cannabinoid world, but so many other smaller cannabinoids are proving to have their own potential as therapeutic agents. A few examples of other noteworthy cannabinoids include:

  • Cannabigerol (CBG)
  • Cannabichromene (CBC)
  • Cannabielsoin (CBE)
  • Cannabicyclol (CBL)
  • Cannabicitran (CBT)
  • Delta-8 Tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta-8 THC)

Many of these lesser-known cannabinoids are gaining traction in the scientific community because they are thought to offer certain actions for the ECS and the human body. For example, CBG is thought to offer eye pressure relief, which may be important for people who have glaucoma, even though more research needs to be established.

One of the interesting things about cannabinoids is their presence can vary depending on several factors. For one, the specific strain of cannabis can be a good indicator of what cannabinoids will be present in the mature plant. For example, a traditional OG Kush strain may have a high level of THC and a low amount of CBD. However, a Jack Herer hemp plant may have substantial CBD and only the slightest amount of THC.

Find Cannabinoid-Rich Cannabis at Core Gardens

The more the world grows accepting of cannabis, the more research is being done. While we may not know every last action or value of the cannabinoids offered by plants from the cannabis family, what we do know is enough to keep our interests piqued. Whether you use cannabis for therapeutic or recreational purposes, knowing your cannabinoids can help you pick the strain that offers the best experience. To find cannabinoid-rich cannabis flower and products, be sure to check out our products at Core Gardens.

Benefits of CBD for Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome

Benefits of CBD for Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is considered to be a genetic disorder that affects the connective tissues in the body. About 200,000 new cases of EDS emerge every year, and to date, there is no known cure. According to the Medical Cannabis Network of Europe, EDS was recently listed as one of the conditions that could qualify patients to receive medical cannabis. The inclusion of the condition stems from research indicating that a specific cannabinoid, CBD (cannabidiol), may help with chronic pain that is prevalently associated with EDS.

An Overview of Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome

As noted, EDS is referred to as a connective tissue disorder. However, when you take a look at the many issues that can be associated with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, the condition becomes much more complex. The connective tissues throughout the body perform so many important roles, including keeping joints stabilized when we move, allowing the body to heal properly after injury, and more. Some of the symptoms associated with EDS include:

  • Debilitating pain
  • Defects with collagen production
  • Hypermobility (broad range of motion with joints)
  • Fatigue
  • Fragile skin
  • Early-onset of arthritis of the joints
  • Easy bruising and easily broken skin
  • Headaches and migraines

People with EDS can be hyper-prone to injuries because of the way their joints and skin can move. In addition, the intense pain that can come along with the condition can be enough to bring about psychological concerns with anxiety and depression.

Individuals who have the vascular form of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome can also have dangerous issues with their blood vessels. These issues can lead to risks of internal tissue damage that can cause internal bleeding and risks for certain organs.

The Attributes of CBD That Could Help with EDS

CBD has been looked at as a potential therapeutic cannabis agent to help with an array of different ailments, both psychological and physical. The reason cannabidiol is growing as an acceptable way to help with so many issues is because the effects of the cannabinoid can be so diverse. From offering anxiolytic properties to helping with hard-to-treat pain, the many attributes of CBD also make it a fitting option for people who have Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. Here is a look at just a few of the most noteworthy attributes of CBD and why those specific features may benefit those with EDS.

Pain Relieving Qualities

The most noteworthy attribute of CBD that could be important for EDS sufferers is the cannabinoid’s ability to yield pain relief. A number of studies have examined the pain-reducing qualities of CBD for a range of conditions. Interestingly, CBD seems to be an effective way to relieve certain types of hard-to-treat pain, such as neuropathic pain or pain related to conditions like multiple sclerosis.

The pain-relieving qualities of CBD seem to be heightened when paired with other cannabinoids like THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol). In a study of 15 patients, 12 saw improvement in their chronic pain by smoking therapeutic types of cannabis. CBD seems to help with pain on a few different levels. One, the cannabinoid soothes the inflammatory response, and inflammation is the root of many types of pain as well as a key issue for those with EDS. Second, CBD may benefit through how the pain is actually perceived.

Sleep Supporting Properties

EDS is well-known among sufferers to interfere with falling asleep and sleep quality. Naturally, when your body is uncomfortable due to pain, good sleep can be hard to come by. The sad truth is, when you don’t sleep well, it can also exacerbate issues with pain. Thus, poor sleep due to pain related to EDS can kick off a never-ending cycle of bad days filled with fatigue.

CBD‘s naturally calming properties may help to offer some sleep support. The American Sleep Association says that CBD may actually interact with certain receptors within the endocannabinoid system that are directly responsible for maintaining a good sleep/wake cycle. Whatever the mechanisms may be, CBD definitely shows promise for EDS sufferers and may prove to be a worthy alternative to opioid pain relievers that come with their own worrisome side effects.

Anxiety Relieving Qualities

When you have a chronic medical condition, anxiety levels can be especially high, especially if that condition has you dealing with a lot of pain and discomfort. CBD has anxiolytic properties, so the cannabinoid has been examined as a potential way to treat anxiety in a number of studies. In one particular study, a dose of 300 to 600mg of CBD significantly lowered anxiety levels among 57 study participants.

Help for High Blood Pressure

The stress that comes along with EDS is known for heightening the blood pressure of some individuals. Many people with EDS look to blood pressure medications to help. However, CBD may also help with keeping the blood pressure levels at a more stable state. Some studies have suggested that CBD can lower the resting blood pressure rate and blood pressure hikes related to stress response.

CBD for EDS – A Potential Natural Remedy for Symptom Relief

Even though we are just starting to learn all the ways in which CBD could be beneficial for EDS, the future is looking bright. If you have a great deal of chronic pain, fatigue, trouble sleeping, and anxiety related to Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, finding a high-CBD cannabis strain or quality CBD product to try may be worth your efforts. Take a look at our current menu at Core Gardens to find quality cannabis products.